When Crossrail opens it will increase London's rail-based transport network capacity by 10%, supporting regeneration and cutting journey times across the city.
Previously that summer, a plague had swept with speed across all of Europe, killing an estimated 30 to 60 per cent of the European population.
In total, about 75 million people are believed to have died in the four year global pandemic including 25 million Europeans.
In the 1980s a burial ground associated with 1348 Black Death was located in east Smithfield.
More than 600 skeletons were carefully removed from the site and analysed by the Museum of London Archaeology.
These are not the first skeletons found on the Crossrail project, with archaeologists already uncovering more than 300 burials at the New Cemetery near the site of the Bedlam Hospital at Liverpool Street from the 1500s to 1700s. The skeletons have been found 2.5 metres below the road.
Archaeologists also hope to find Roman artefacts as they dig deeper.The 16 Century historian John Stow stated that more 150,000 victims of the Black Death were buried in London.According to Stow, there was a burial ground in Farringdon known as ‘No Man’s Land’ which was established in 1348, and was subsequently used to bury more than 50,000 victims of the Black Death.However, at this early stage, the depth of burials, the pottery found with the skeletons and the way the skeletons have been set out, all point towards this being part of the 14 Century emergency burial ground.” Charterhouse Square had previously been identified as a possible site for the lost burial ground as it was one of the few locations in Farringdon to remain undeveloped for the past 700 years.In 1998, a single skeleton was discovered buried at Charterhouse Square when archaeologists were investigating the location of a chapel shown on historic maps.Twenty three skeletons have been uncovered lying in two carefully laid out rows on the edge of Charterhouse Square at Farringdon, and are believed to be up to 660 years old.