Another landmark is Zamzam Well, a miraculous water spring running since the times of Hazrat Ibrahim and has not dried up.
It caters for the needs of ever-increasing number of Hajis.
They offer Mughrib and Isha prayers together at Muzdalifah.
At Muzdalifah they collect pebbles which will be thrown in the Stoning of the Devil ritual in Mina during the next three or four days.
If someone is living in Mecca and wants to perform Umra then he should go to this place, enter into the state of Ihram and then return to Mecca so that the condition of traveling for the pilgrims is also fulfilled. It is originally the inner side of Kaaba but in the times of Prophet Muhammad (S. W.), it could not be built completely due to non availability of funds.
It means Kaaba was initially in slight rectangular shape not as squared as we see today.
This sketch probably shows how Kaaba and the surrounding area looked like before the advent of Islam, when there were idols in the mosque.
After the conquest of Makkah by the Prophet Muhammad SAWS all the idols were removed.On Haj day ( the 9th Zilhija) Zuhar and Asar prayers are offered jointly by pilgrims.During Hajj it is very difficult for every pilgrim to reach here but in other days, the mosque remains empty and might be seen easily. Muzdalifah (مزدلفة) is an open, level area near Mecca associated with the Hajj.The pilgrims spend the night at Muzdalifah, praying and sleeping in the open. The Wuqoof of Muzdalifah is Wajib and missing it makes a penalty (damm) compulsory. From Muzdalifah, the pilgrims come to Mina for Stoning of the Jamarāt or Stoning of the Devil. The stoning is performed on the day of Eid al-Adha, and two or three days after. After the 2004 Hajj, Saudi authorities replaced the pillars with 26 m (85 ft) long walls for safety.The names of three jamarāt are: the smallest jamrah (aj-jamrah aṣ-ṣughrā), the middle jamrah (aj-jamrah al-wusṭā), and the largest jamrah or Jamrah of Aqaba (aj-jamrah al-kubrā ). The Cave of Hira (غار حراء) is located about 2 miles (3.2 km) from Mecca, on the mountain named Jabal al-Noor (‘The Mountain of Light’). Masjid-e-Ayesha (Masjid-e-Taneem) is a mosque about 5 miles away from the Holy Kaaba in an area called Taneem.It lies just southeast of Mina on the route between Mina and Arafat.