About 75% of individuals with an acute infection will develop a chronic condition.
With chronic hepatitis C infection, about 25% of individuals will recover on their own (spontaneously).
An infected mother can pass HCV to her child at birth.
The hepatitis C virus can survive on surfaces outside the body for up to 3 weeks.
Between 20, the average rate of reported HCV infection in Canada was 32.2 per 100,000 people.
Symptoms of chronic infection include nausea, pruritus (itching), malaise, and abdominal pain.
There are 2 main diagnostic tests for hepatitis C - hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV) test and hepatitis C ribonucleic acid (RNA) test.
Which test is used (or both) depends on how long it has been since the suspected infection occurred.
The hepatitis C virus is spread primarily by exposure to blood.
For this reason, the Public Health Agency of Canada recommends routine practices when there is a risk of exposure to blood or certain body fluids.
Please see the OSH Answers document Routine Practices for more information.
There are other kinds of viral hepatitis such as hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis D, and hepatitis E.
These diseases and the viruses that cause them are not related to hepatitis C even though they also affect the liver.
Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information, CCOHS does not guarantee, warrant, represent or undertake that the information provided is correct, accurate or current.