Much of Europe blames the Black Plague on the Jews and tortured to confess that they poisoned the wells.Despite the pleas of innocence of Pope Clement VI, the accusations resulted in the destruction of over 60 large and 150 small Jewish communities.
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In the town of Blois, southwest of Paris, Jews are falsely accused of committing ritual murder ((killing of a Christian child) and blood libel. The Church's Fourth Lateran Council decrees that Jews be differentiated from others by their type of clothing to avoid intercourse between Jews and Christians.
The adult Jews of the city are arrested and most are executed after refusing to convert. Jews are sometimes required to wear a badge; sometimes a pointed hat.
The campaign quickly spreads throughout Spain, except for Granada, and destroys Jewish communities in Valencia and Palma De Majorca.
Pope Martin V issues a bull reminding Christians that Christianity was derived from Judaism and warns the Friars not to incite against the Jews.
Similar to accusations made during the Black Plague, Jews were accused of encouraging lepers to poison Christian wells in France.
An estimated five thousand Jews were killed before the king, Philip the Tall, admitted the Jews were innocent.The Bull was withdrawn the following year, alleging that the Jews of Rome attained the Bull by fraud.Jews in Norwich, England, are accused of murdering a Christian child in what is believed to be the first ritual murder charge.Bowing political pressure, English King Edward I expels the Jews from England.They were only allowed to take what they could carry and most went to France, paying for thier passage only to be robbed and cast overboard by the ship captains.The Jews were also forbidden from riding horses and holding judicial or civil posts, and were forced to wear a yellow patch for identification.