In 1907, the broadheaded nib was invented, again giving the script a more prominent stroke direction.
Over the years, Gothic script evolved somewhat differently in different regions.
In Gothic script it is often difficult to distinguish between an individual letter containing several spikes and a combination of several short letters.
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In addition, German current script takes two forms: Gothic and Latin (or Roman) Current.
Latin script is more rounded and flowing, more similar to our modern cursive style than is Gothic Current, which tends towards the spiky.
These were copied, usually once a year, from the rabbi’s original.
Often, the rabbi had to countersign the second copy.
Certificate Style Records A third record style is the certificate. Birth, marriage, and death registers generally followed the same style within a given community or region.
These were issued by the civil authorities for a given event and person, and issued in addition to the creation of register entries. Typically, registers were maintained by the rabbi in those communities that could afford one.Excerpt of Gailingen (Baden) birth register: Emilia, March 24. This record appears in journal (sometimes called Napoleonic) style. Civil records written in journal style sometimes are organized by year; a section for births is followed by one each for marriages and deaths. Typically, at the end of a volume, the author of the records created alphabetical indexes of births, marriages, and deaths by page and/or item number.One paragraph is devoted to each individual specific vital event. Occasionally, one finds marginal notes added later. Ledger (Tabular) Style Records In contrast to records in journal style, many jurisdictions preferred or prescribed that civil records be kept in ledger (or tabular) style.Handwriting, with the exception of block lettering, is referred to as “current” or “cursive” script.German paleography distinguishes between fractured current scripts.At different times, the same person may have been recorded either as Levi or as Levy.