Taken topically, they provide the reader with histories of women's progress in various fields, including art, education, literature and the theater, politics, law, and medicine.
In most Protestant denominations, church membership was determined by the purchase or rental of pews.
Class exclusion as well as gender exclusion typified the privatized nature of the pursuit of culture.
Jones maintained contacts with them and other national leaders in the abolitionist movement through her letter writing.
In a parallel way, Mary Ann Mills Hubbard, wife of meat packer and Chicago civic leader Gurdon S.
City improvements, for example, were paid for by a special tax assessed according to the direct value a bridge, sidewalk, or sewer added to private property.
If a person's property gained more value than a neighbor's down the block, the person's assessment was higher.
James Episcopal Church – established in 1834 largely through her efforts – including the hiring and firing of clergy.
Without her approval it was difficult to carry on a charity event or plan a church expansion.
In a world where local government was minimal and public space was not yet defined by museums, lecture halls, and other cultural institutions, the private residence retained an important, quasi-public role.